We bring to you the list of the major seaports in Nigeria and their location.
With Nigeria having an input of up to 25% of Africa’s total consumption, there is no shock to notice the importance of the seas to Nigeria’s economy and any other nation across the world.
Major seaports in Nigeria are expectedly set up around the coastal areas of the country. This helps to boost foreign exchange trades and reserves of the nation to a significant value.
Simply put, this significant value is achieved through the imports and exports of numerous kinds of goods such as petroleum products, food, textile, technological equipment, and so on.
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Seaports are the backbone of domestic and foreign commerce.
Transportation through the seaways in Nigeria accumulates to a total of over 1 billion metric tonnes, the majority of which constitutes petroleum products that contribute up to 80% to the Nigerian economy.
So clearly, we can see that seaports in Nigeria are of great value to the Nigerian economy.
List of Major Seaports In Nigeria
|List of Major Seaports In Nigeria|
|#1||Lagos Port Complex|
|#2||Tin Can Island Port|
|#3||Calaba Port Complex|
|#4||Rivers Port Authority|
So, if you are someone interested or involved in international or domestic trade that requires the use of sea transport, find more information about the top sea ports in Nigeria.
1. Lagos Port Complex
Also referred to as the Apapa Quays, the Lagos port complex is registered as an ISPS certified Port facility with the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
It is located in Lagos, one of the richest states in Nigeria, and is the first and the largest seaports in Nigeria.
The port is built to the required standards of the Nigerian Ports Authority and was the premier sea port in Nigeria.
It was founded in 1913, which was even before the amalgamation of the northern and southern protectorate in Nigeria.
The Port has standard cargo handling machinery and amenities to cater for the welfare of all personnel available in the Port.
One of the port’s best features is that it can be accessed using all the modes of transportation in Nigeria. This feature makes it one of the largest seaports in Nigeria.
The operations of the port were initially handled by the government until 2006 when its terminals were handed over to private parties.
They include: AP Moller Terminal Ltd. (APMT), ENL Consortium Ltd. (ENL), Apapa Bulk Terminal Ltd. (ABTL) and so on.
Today, the Lagos port complex is well known for its better handling of large cargoes, aided by its huge 4 wheeled gates standing 8 meters above ground level.
This, of course, is an extra edge for the port.
Other Features of the Lagos port complex include 5 terminals with competent experts, logistics bases, and also 8 jetties located all over the port.
The Port security is clearly of importance as you will see guards almost at every corner you turn while in the Port.
Also available are the CCTV cameras to capture all the daily operations on the ports.
2. Tin Can Island Port
Also located in Lagos, exactly 7 kilometers northwest of the Lagos port complex is the Tin Can Island Port.
It was established in 1977 to meet the ever-growing need for international and foreign trade which involves the movement of goods from Nigeria to other parts of the world.
Most of these goods were majorly oil products because it was a time when oil production and sales were booming all around the world.
All the boost in oil activities and operations resulted in the congestion of the Lagos Port Complex.
In order to cushion this effect, The Tin Can Island Port was built to help decongest the already overcrowded and overwhelmed Lagos port complex.
As at 1977, the port was commissioned with a total land area of over 73 hectares and a capacity to handle up to 16 vessels.
The Tin Can Island Port was a merger of the Roro and the Tin Can Island Port to become what we know today.
In 2006, the Nigerian Ports Authority through the adopted Land Lord model of the Federal Government confessed 5 terminals also to private investors.
This concession resulted in the massive expansion, improved production and operations efficiency evidenced through the increase in the Average berth occupancy rate from 75%-83% today.
3. Calabar Port Complex
Before its operations were taken over by the government in 1969, the Calabar Port was a historic trade center for the Eastern and Northern Nigerian states with foreign countries before and during the colonial years.
As one of the major seaports in Nigeria, it was initially operated by private individuals and companies until it was taken over by the Nigerian Port Authority.
During the third national development plan, the Calabar Port was revamped and modernized to meet the standards of the Nigerian Ports authority from 1975.
After completing the rehabilitation, the new Calabar Port was commissioned in 1979 standing over 84km of land.
The Calabar Port is mainly used for the transportation of petroleum products from Calabar and its neighboring Akwa-Ibom state.
The Port has features such as the Old Port, the New Port and the Dockyard; and has jurisdiction over Crude Oil Terminals at Antan, Odudu, Yoho, QuaIboe; and other jetties at NIWA, McIver, NNPC, ALSCON, Dozzy, Northwest.
The three Terminals of Calabar Port are operated by: ECM Terminal Ltd, INTELS Nigeria Ltd and Shoreline Logistics Nigeria Limited.
4. Rivers Ports Authority
The Port is established in the Gulf of Guinea, otherwise called Rivers Port Complex it began from a modest way; developing from one berth for coal export; to four berths to deal with a cargo blend of import/export stock.
It is obvious one of the major seaport in Nigeria.
By and by, the Port with a quay length of 1,259m is equipped for pleasing eight current maritime vessels loading and discharging simultaneously.
The Port is additionally outfitted with 16 tanks of 3,048 ton limit of mass oil establishment.
This has a conveyor belt and a pier holding the structure, while there are likewise seven stacking regions of 27,407.15 square meters size and four (4) Arcon sheds with capacity limit 12,486.15 square meters.
The dockyard, is the area which does electrical, marine and designing works, is overseen by a Dockyard Manager.
The Rivers Port is a multifunctional Port and plays the ‘Mother-Port’ job to a few jetties encompassing her like annexes through the arrangement of pilotage and towage administrations, supplying for the different markets, identifying with Dry, Liquid and General cargo exchanges.
It is qualified to take note that the Port is built deliberately in one of the world’s biggest unrefined petroleum production areas and by this preferred position, made the tanker marke being seen at the Federal Ocean Terminal through the Bonny Fairway Buoy.
5. Delta Port
The stated mission of the Delta Ports as one of the Nigerian seaports is to provide a formidable platform for shipping activities to thrive through strategic partnership with the stakeholders.
The Delta port is one of the major domestic seaports in Nigeria as they only move goods within the water locked states in Nigeria.
They are specifically designed to transport cargoes in short distances to states like Anambra, IMO, Enugu, Delta, Edo, Kogi, Ondo, Benefit and so on.
Though the port is yet to move cargoes into any international waters, it is one port that is slated for the future due to its untapped potential.
The Delta port has seen an improvement in its operations in recent years as it is expected to move cargoes of gas owned by the EGTL to other parts of the country for consumption.
The Delta port is well secured as it is manned by security forces of the Federation.
This helps the smooth operation of the port which is centered of swift identification, documentation and excellent delivery of cargoes.
6. Onne Port
Onne Port is one of the major seaports in Nigeria and is also one of the largest oil and gas free zone in the world.
This makes the port easily support the oil and gas production and exploration operations in Nigeria.
It specifically functions as a transportation hub for oil and gas products with easy access to most petroleum fields in West Africa.
As said earlier, majority of their operations involves oil and gas and their operations includes: General Cargoes, Bulk Cargoes (Dry & Wet), Oil Well Equipment, Containerized Cargoes and other Logistics.
The Port covers a total land area of a whopping 2,538 hectares of land and is set up with state of the art modern facilities, machineries and equipment to help in smooth operations of the port.
The port also invites customers or companies who wish to partner with the port in Maritime business. Coupled with its largest land area, it also has the biggest mobile cranes in the whole of Africa.
The Port is also well protected with policemen and also private guards to provide maximum security for their clients cargoes.
List of Seaports In Nigeria (Concluding Notes)
This article has been able to highlight the major importance of all seaports in Nigeria and their locations.
These ports play such a great role in the domestic and international economy.
Nigerian sea ports generate more than a million jobs directly or indirectly to Nigerians. According to the Nigerian ports Authority, seaports contribute over N143 billion to the Federal reserves.
Each of these ports has different uses and features that distinguish one from the other. So, if you plan to do any form of trading that requires Ocean transportation, this article is just for you.
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